Burr Marigold: Comprehensive Guide to Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions, and Dosage

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Burr Marigold: A Comprehensive Guide to its Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, and Dosing


Burr marigold (Bidens pilosa) is an annual herb native to the Americas and widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions. It has been traditionally used in various cultures for its therapeutic properties. This article provides a detailed overview of the uses, side effects, precautions, and dosing of burr marigold.


Burr marigold possesses numerous medicinal applications, including:

  • Anti-inflammatory: The plant contains compounds with anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for conditions such as arthritis, gout, and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Antioxidant: Burr marigold is rich in antioxidants that help protect cells from oxidative damage caused by free radicals.
  • Antimicrobial: It exhibits antimicrobial activity against various bacteria and fungi, including Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.
  • Hepatoprotective: Burr marigold protects the liver from damage caused by toxins and inflammation.
  • Diuretic: It promotes urination, helping eliminate excess water and salt from the body.
  • Wound healing: The plant has vulnerary properties that aid in wound healing and reduce inflammation.
  • Digestive aid: Burr marigold supports digestion by stimulating appetite, reducing gas, and alleviating stomach pain.
  • Menstrual cramps: It has been traditionally used to relieve menstrual cramps and regulate menstrual cycles.
  • Antioxidant: Burr marigold is a potent antioxidant, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • Skin care: The plant’s extracts are used in skin care products due to their anti-inflammatory and anti-aging properties.

Active Compounds

The therapeutic properties of burr marigold are attributed to the presence of several active compounds, including:

  • Polyphenols (flavonoids and tannins)
  • Terpenes (sesquiterpenes and diterpenes)
  • Sterols
  • Essential oils
  • Polysaccharides

Side Effects

While generally considered safe, burr marigold may cause certain side effects in some individuals, such as:

  • Digestive upset: Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
  • Skin irritation: Topical application may cause itching and redness in sensitive individuals
  • Allergic reactions: Rare cases of allergic reactions have been reported


Certain precautions should be taken when using burr marigold:

  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women: The safety of burr marigold during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been established. It is recommended to avoid its use in these populations.
  • People with allergies: Individuals allergic to plants in the Asteraceae family (daisy family) should avoid burr marigold.
  • People with kidney problems: Excessive use of burr marigold may strain the kidneys.
  • People taking medications: Burr marigold may interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners and diuretics. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before combining burr marigold with any medications.


The appropriate dosage of burr marigold depends on the intended use and form of administration.

  • Tea: Steep 1-2 teaspoons of dried burr marigold in hot water for 10-15 minutes. Drink 2-3 cups per day.
  • Tincture: Take 1-2 dropperfuls of burr marigold tincture in water or juice, 2-3 times per day.
  • Capsules: Take 1-2 capsules of burr marigold extract, standardized for a specific compound, as directed on the label.
  • Ointment: Apply a thin layer of burr marigold ointment to the affected area 2-3 times per day.

It is important to note that the dosage should be gradually increased to assess tolerance and to avoid potential side effects.

Safety Considerations

Burr marigold is generally safe when used in moderation. However, excessive consumption over a prolonged period may lead to kidney damage. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using burr marigold for an extended period.


Burr marigold is a versatile medicinal herb with numerous therapeutic properties. Its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and hepatoprotective effects make it a valuable addition to a holistic approach to health and well-being. However, it is essential to use burr marigold responsibly, follow proper dosing recommendations, and consult with a healthcare professional for individualized guidance and safety considerations.

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