Incontinence in Men: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

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Incontinence in Men: An Overview

Incontinence is a condition that affects both men and women. It is the involuntary loss of urine or feces. In men, incontinence is most commonly caused by prostate problems, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer. Other causes of incontinence in men include:

  • Neurological conditions: such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or spinal cord injuries
  • Medications: such as diuretics, which increase urine production
  • Weakened pelvic floor muscles: which can occur due to aging, obesity, or childbirth
  • Urethral strictures: which are narrowings of the urethra
  • Overactive bladder: which is a condition that causes the bladder to contract too often

Symptoms of Incontinence in Men

The symptoms of incontinence in men can vary depending on the underlying cause. However, some common symptoms include:

  • Leaking urine when laughing, coughing, or sneezing
  • Dribbling urine after urination
  • Waking up at night to urinate
  • Feeling a constant urge to urinate
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urination
  • Weak or slow urine stream
  • Painful urination

Diagnosis of Incontinence in Men

If you are experiencing symptoms of incontinence, it is important to see a doctor to get a diagnosis. The doctor will likely ask you about your symptoms, your medical history, and any medications you are taking. The doctor may also perform a physical exam and order some tests, such as:

  • Urinalysis: to check for signs of infection or other problems
  • Cystoscopy: to look inside the bladder and urethra
  • Urodynamic testing: to measure the pressure and flow of urine

Treatment for Incontinence in Men

The treatment for incontinence in men will depend on the underlying cause. Some common treatments include:

  • Lifestyle changes: such as losing weight, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and doing Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles
  • Medications: such as alpha-blockers, which relax the muscles around the bladder neck
  • Surgery: to correct an underlying problem, such as BPH or a urethral stricture
  • Devices: such as external catheters or pads, to collect urine

Prevention of Incontinence in Men

There are no surefire ways to prevent incontinence in men, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk, such as:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity can put strain on the pelvic floor muscles and increase your risk of incontinence.
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol: Caffeine and alcohol can both irritate the bladder and make incontinence worse.
  • Do Kegel exercises: Kegel exercises can help to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and reduce incontinence.
  • See your doctor regularly: If you have any underlying health conditions, such as prostate problems or diabetes, see your doctor regularly to manage your condition and reduce your risk of incontinence.


Incontinence in men can be a frustrating and embarrassing condition. However, it is important to remember that you are not alone. Many men experience incontinence, and there are effective treatments available. If you are experiencing symptoms of incontinence, see your doctor to get a diagnosis and start treatment.

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